Buying foreclosures is a great way for real estate investors to get bargain prices on properties. However, there are certain things that every investor should be aware of before buying foreclosures.
1. Foreclosure Auctions can be more complicated than you think. There are additional steps after the winning bid before you can close. Buying Properties from Strict Foreclosure is Easier.
In Connecticut, there are two types of foreclosures. If there is equity, the court will order a foreclosure auction and the property is sold to the highest bidder. If there is no equity or the property is underwater, there will be a strict foreclosure, where the owner and interest holders prior in right to the bank will get a chance to redeem the note, and if none do, the bank then becomes the owner.
…it is easier to buy foreclosed properties that have been foreclosed through strict foreclosure.Edward Schenkel
From a legal perspective, it is easier to buy foreclosed properties that have been foreclosed through strict foreclosure. When the bank takes title by strict foreclosure, the bank owns the property and can enter into a contract with you directly at hopefully a bargain price. Buying a property already owned by the bank is easier than going through the auction process.
If there is equity, the court will order an auction where anyone can bid, including lienholders, the owner, other investors, and so forth. At the auction, the highest bidder wins the auction. However, all investors should know that is not the end of it. The proposed bid has to be approved by the court as reasonable, giving other parties (including the owner) a chance to object to the bid. Usually the court approves it, but not always. Then you may have done a lot of work for nothing. If the court does not approve the bid, another auction will take place.
Both foreclosure sales and strict foreclosures are good opportunities to get good deals. Investors should know that buying foreclosures after strict foreclosure instead of at auctions is a much easier process, and perhaps less risky.
2. The Property will be Sold As Is and No Disclosures. The Inspection is critical.
…the inspection is critical when purchasing foreclosures.Edward Schenkel
The inspection is always important and is particularly critical for buying foreclosed properties. The banks will typically not provide condition disclosures and even if they did they would not be worth that much since the bank does not have extensive knowledge about the condition of the property. Similarly, the bank will not make any warranties as to the condition of the property and will sell “as is.” Therefore, the inspection is critical when purchasing foreclosures. Make sure you use a good inspection company.
3. You will likely Not Get a Warranty Deed
…title insurance is critical when buying foreclosures.Edward Schenkel
The bank is usually unwilling to provide you warranty deed, which provides you with certain warranties concerning the title of the property. You will likely receive a special warranty deed or a quit claim deed, which provide you as the buyer with less protection. Therefore, title insurance is critical when buying foreclosures.
4. The Tenants may have the Right to Continue to Occupy the Premises
…you may be stuck with the tenants in the foreclosed properties until the end of the lease term…Edward Schenkel
If there are tenants in the building or house, they may have certain protections depending on whether the lease is written or oral, the duration of the lease, and when the lease was executed. In short, you may be stuck with the tenants in the foreclosed properties until the end of the lease term in certain scenarios. This is something you should look into with the help of counsel, especially if you are planning rehab.
5. Tax Liens and other Liens on the Property – Beware.
Make sure you look into this and factor it into your decision to purchase.Edward Schenkel
When purchasing foreclosures, only liens subsequent in right to the bank’s mortgage are extinguished. Therefore, prior liens, particularly tax liens, may still remain on the property after the foreclosure. Make sure you look into this and factor it into your decision to purchase.